BIOTECHNOLOGICAL POTENTIAL AND ENZYMES PRODUCED BY ACTINOBACTERIA FROM SEMI-ARID SOILS

Autores

  • João Matos Neto
  • Leonardo Bandeira
  • Ariel Mesquita
  • Suzana Claudia Martins
  • Claudia Martins

Palavras-chave:

Amylase, cellulase, laccase, Streptomyces, white biotechnology

Resumo

Soil bacteria are known to be potential degraders of plant biomass, macromolecules, and complex polysaccharides such as xylan and cellulose. Among these microbes, actinobacteria produces various extracellular enzymes, which makes this phylum a major part of the soil microbial population responsible for the decomposition of various biomolecules. In general, the members of this phylum have unique structural and reproductive aspects within the Bacteria domain, such as the colony arrangement in branched hyphae, which integrate a radial mycelium, and reproduction via sporulation. Known as ‘biofactories of enzymes’, actinobacteria have applications as biorefineries, in pulp and paper industry, food, agriculture, pharmaceutical uses, and many others. Actinobacteria from extreme environments such as the semi-arid region of Brazil can also produce enzymes with novel properties such as substrate specificity and stability. Actinobacteria with the potential to be applied in biotechnological industries must have a large number of enzymes. These metabolic enzymes of laccase, lipase, cellulase, and amylase from these microbes provide the potential for production and uphold the industrial requirements for societal benefit and commercialization. This review highlights the structures of actinobacteria enzymes, basic concepts about this bacterial phylum, and biotechnology with particular attention to industrially relevant enzymes. 

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Publicado

2022-12-14

Como Citar

Matos Neto, J. ., Bandeira, L. ., Mesquita, A. ., Martins, S. C. ., & Martins, C. . (2022). BIOTECHNOLOGICAL POTENTIAL AND ENZYMES PRODUCED BY ACTINOBACTERIA FROM SEMI-ARID SOILS. ENCICLOPEDIA BIOSFERA, 19(42). Recuperado de https://conhecer.org.br/ojs/index.php/biosfera/article/view/5557

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