DISTRIBUTION OF TREE SPECIES IN AN EDAPHIC GRADIENT IN REFORESTATION AREAS IN RESTORATION PROCESS WITH DIFFERENT LEVELS OF DISTURBANCE
Palavras-chave:Semideciduous Seasonal Forest, multivariate analysis, floristic and edaphic attributes
This study aims at characterizing the correlations between tree communities and soil
attributes in areas in restoration process with different levels of disturbance (DE =
Degraded; DI = Disturbed and PRE = Preserved). A survey was performed with the
allocation of 36 plots of 20 x 20 m, in which trees with DBH ≥ 5 cm were sampled.
For the soil analysis, two samples were collected within each plot in order to form a
composite sample. Correlations between biotic and edaphic arrays had their
significance tested using the Monte Carlo permutation test. Edaphic and biotic
variables were compared by unifactorial variance analysis (ANOVA), connected to a
posteriori Tukey tes (5%). The soils in categories DE and DI showed aluminum
content (Al) ranging from low to medium. The PRE category showed high aluminum
content and low fertility. The ordering showed the separation of the plots into three
groups (DE, DI and PRE) according to the proportion of disturbance levels. The
areas in restoration process presented edaphic and tree community composition
heterogeneity. The soils of all studied categories were characterized by its low
nutrient availability and acidity ranging from medium (DE) to high (DI and PRE) and
varying content of organic matter, which is more highly stored in the forest area. The
fertility degree and other soil characteristics partially explain the floristic compositions
and changes in the abundance of populations in the tree communities.
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